Dangers of fatty foods to your insulin

fatty foods are never a healthy lifestyle and can endanger your health for good in one serving

healthy living tips

A single cheeseburger can trigger changes in body linked to diabetes and fatty liver disease, study warns

Fatty food can reduce sensitivity to insulin and raise levels of fats linked to heart disease

Just one fatty meal, such as a cheeseburger and chips, is enough to alter the body’s metabolism and trigger changes associated with liver disease and diabetes, researchers have found.

In bad news for anyone who enjoys the occasional greasy overindulgence, scientists have warned that consuming a big helping of rich, fatty food can reduce sensitivity to insulin and immediately raise levels of fats linked to heart disease.

While the bodies of those who keep fit may be able to recover from a fried chicken or pizza blow-out, lasting damage is likely to take place if it becomes a regular occurrence.

Researchers at the German Diabetes Centre in Dusseldorf, Germany, gave 14 lean and healthy men aged 20 to 40 either given a vanilla-flavoured palm oil drink or plain water.

The palm oil drink contained a similar amount of saturated fat as an eight-slice pepperoni pizza or a regular cheeseburger served with a large portion of chips.

Tests showed that consuming the palm oil resulted in an immediate increase in fat accumulation and reduced sensitivity to insulin, the vital hormone that regulates blood sugar.

It also raised levels of triglycerides – a type of fat linked to heart disease – altered liver function and led to changes in gene activity associated with fatty liver disease.

A single high-fat meal “would probably be sufficient to induce transient insulin resistance and impair hepatic [liver] metabolism,“ wrote the team in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

“We presume that lean, healthy individuals are able to compensate adequately for excessive intake of saturated fatty acids, however, sustained and repeated exposure to such nutrients will ultimately lead to chronic insulin resistance, and NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease).”

Palm oil was found to reduce insulin sensitivity by 25 per cent in the whole body, while the mechanism that generates glucose sugar from non-carbohydrate foods became 70 per cent more active.

Levels of glucagon, a hormone that stops blood sugar falling, were also raised. Similar effects were seen in mice given the same palm oil treatment.

Emily Burns, research communications manager at Diabetes UK, recommended following a balanced diet while further research took place.

“We know that eating too much saturated fat might be linked to insulin resistance and this study gives us some insight into what’s actually happening inside the body,” said Dr Burns.

“While this study suggests that fat has a real impact on the liver, we need to be careful how we interpret the results.

“The research didn’t involve any women and didn’t compare the effects of saturated fat to other foods like protein or unsaturated fat.”

Source of article is Independent UK

Diet drinks can be harmful to your health research reveals

There are better ways to stay healthy than diet drinks

healthy living tips

Photocred:The Belgravia Center

Diet drinks are not healthy and could trigger weight gain, say researchers

Diet and sugar-free alternatives should not be promoted as part of a healthy diet, say researchers

Sugar-free and diet drinks are not helpful for weight loss and could even cause people to pile on the pounds, researchers at Imperial College have claimed.

A review of dozens of studies dating back 30 years found that there is no solid evidence that sugar-free alternatives prevent weight gain, type 2 diabetes or help maintain a healthy Body Mass Index. (BMI)

Although artificially-sweetened beverages contain fewer calories than sugary versions, researchers say they still trigger sweet receptors in the brain, which may make people crave food. Coupled with the fact that most people view diet drinks as healthier, it could lead to over-consumption, the researchers argue.

“A common perception, which may be influenced by industry marketing, is that because ‘diet’ drinks have no sugar, they must be healthier and aid weight loss when used as a substitute for full sugar versions,” said Professor Christopher Millett, senior investigator from Imperial’s School of Public Health.

“However we found no solid evidence to support this. Far from helping to solve the global obesity crisis, artificially-sweetened beverages may be contributing to the problem and should not be promoted as part of a healthy diet.”

he authors claim that previous studies which found diet drinks were helpful should be discounted because they were funded by the drinks industry.

However the British Soft Drinks Association said that it was wrong to target sugar-free drinks, because they helped people maintain a low calorie diet.

Gavin Partington, BSDA Director General, said: “At a time when we are trying to encourage people to reduce their overall calorie intake it is extremely unhelpful that products which contain no sugar, let alone calories, are demonised without evidence.

“It’s worth bearing in mind that the UK soft drinks sector is the only category in which sugar intake is consistently falling year on year – over 17 per cent since 2012.”

Professor Susan Jebb, the government’s advisor on obesity, said that sugar was a major risk factor for obesity, type 2 diabetes and tooth decay and said switching to artificially sweetened drinks was ‘a step in the right direction.’

“For people seeking to manage their weight tap water is without question the best drink to choose, for health and the environment, but for many people who are used to drinking sugary drinks this will be too hard a change to make,” said Prof Jebb, Professor of Diet and Population Health at the University of Oxford.

“ Artificially sweetened drinks are a step in the right direction to cut calories.”

Prof Tom Sanders, Professor emeritus of Nutrition and Dietetics, at King’s College London, added: “The conclusion that reduced sugar or sugar free drinks should not be promoted or seen as part of a healthy diet seems unwarranted and likely to add to public confusion.”

Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at Public Health England, said swapping to low or no sugar drinks “goes some way to managing calorie intake and weight”, especially for young people.

“However, maintaining a healthy weight takes more than just swapping one product for another,” she added. “Calories consumed should match calories used, so looking at the whole diet is very important.”

Reference for the above article is THE TELEGRAPH

My opinion

My advice for such issues of low sugar products is thatone must always ensure to eat or drink them in moderation. This will not only help maintain a healthy weight but ensure a help in reducing the risks of diabetes. One must also be cautious at avoiding sugar drinks outright especially if one is not eating any sugar (which the body needs).


Churches can bring about healthy living for mankind

Healthy living can be brought about by churches

The church is key in promoting health

The definition of health according to World Health Organisation is ‘a complete state of physical, social, economic, psychological and spiritual well being’

healthy living tips

By Fred Sheldon Mwesigwa

The recently released parliamentary opinion poll survey results on citizens’ perceptions on Uganda’s governance, expressed their biggest need in improving welfare of Ugandans as improvement of health service delivery. The results of the household survey poll conducted by Research World International is an indicator of how Ugandans seriously consider health issues over and above education, infrastructural development and other key social economic challenges. No wonder, the Banyankore say ‘amagara nigakyira amagana’ literally translated as ‘life is far more worthy than wealth’.

The definition of health according to World Health Organisation is ‘a complete state of physical, social, economic, psychological and spiritual well being.’ While a complete realisation of this state in human terms seems utopian, it sets manageable objectives that can be achieved especially by Christians, world over who are expected to live a full life as pronounced by Jesus Christ. Jesus said, ‘A thief comes to kill, steal and destroy but I have come that you may have life and have it in full (John 10: 10). The thief, Satan, attacks his prey, the Christians, from different fronts including fanning poor economic conditions that more often than not arise from laziness. It is for this reason that Paul admonishes his hearers that he who does not work should not eat (2 Thessalonians 3: 10). Church leadership has a key role to play in promoting hard work in line with the use of our talents (Mathew 25: 14-30) and this role has been well emphasized in Churches. Secondly, the thief Satan, targets disrupting the social and psychological status of individuals through causing disharmony within an individual and between husband and wife, children and parents and other blocks of relationships in society.

One of the most under-looked areas of Church ministry is in ensuring full Christian life through the care for our bodies, the temple of the Holy Spirit. Church leadership needs to engage squarely with the issue of health since it is in line with the Jesus proclamation of life in full for believers. While the Church has squarely addressed disease through establishing mission hospitals and gotten concerned with spiritual warfare especially problems of witchcraft and while the issue of sin that corrupts man has been addressed overtly, the area of health education has not been well-addressed. The devil, Satan, has taken advantage of this to attack Christians through disease that affects the physical body.
I have attended several funerals and whenever I listen to the post-mortem reports it ignites my passion to engage with this subject. Only about a week ago, I visited a family that had just buried their 35-year-old son and as I engaged them in a conversation, it became clear that the problem arose from the eating habits or diet of the young man.

In our vigil conversation there were several old people well above70 years and a few young men. When the subject turned to the kind of food the old people in our society used to eat, and some still do eat, as possible reason for long life, the father of the deceased innocently remarked that in fact his son, who was a mechanic, used to eat two platefuls of roasted pork almost daily and he was commonly nicknamed Muchomo! He went on to say my son had put on much weight and really these young people’s eating habits are not the same as ours. In an instant I thought the code of the cause of death had been cracked. His brother went on to tell us that the over weight young man got a heart attack at 3pm and by 5 am he was dead. The medical report read that it was a cardiac arrest. Although none among us at the vigil was a medical doctor, we gave the verdict that most certainly the cause of death was poor diet.

Many argued that in such cases perhaps the pork with its fat clogged the blood vessels and stopped the heart. It is for such reasons that in 2015 I launched a pastoral health campaign of teaching what I considered to be the four critical diseases namely Cancer, High Blood Pressure, Diabetes and HIV/ Aids. My interesting discovery was that apart from men, whose services were to be found at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital only particularly for prostate cancer, women throughout the districts of Ibanda, Isingiro, Mbarara and part of Ntungamo had opportunity of having service centres relatively near to test for cancer among other diseases. In addition different women NGOs run test clinics periodically.

Nevertheless, a handful of Christians have ever tested as was proven by a show of hands during my pastoral visits in the 106 parishes! I used this opportunity to teach about the importance of medical tests even when one is not sick. Despite the cultural taboos, progressively we are witnessing changed attitude among Christians.
I was so pleasantly surprised recently while at Rweibare COU in Kashari county when one of the women who had stood up, upon my question of who had responded to my health campaign advice, to say, “Thank you Bishop for advising us, I was able to go and check and although the medics found that I had cancer of the uterus, it was in early stage and the uterus was removed!” The deafening silence that followed was a tale tell sign that the message had sank in. I doubt there is a woman from that church who has not gone for tests.

On August, 7 2016 I received a whatsApp message from one of my highly educated Christians whose mother had been suddenly diagnosed with lung cancer at Mulago Cancer Institute. The message alerted me with other friends to pray and also contribute money towards Shs20 million for further management at a Nairobi hospital to do radiotherapy. Somehow I missed seeing the message but read it on August, 12 2016 and promised to pray and raise some support. Same day my friend sent me a message to say the mother’s situation was getting out of hand with swelling and blockage of vein to heart, etc. On August 14, 2016, I sent some humble contribution but alas, less than two weeks, a message came through to say our 60-year-old friend’s mother had died. The death of this woman raised many questions but certainly with cancer the best treatment is early detection and treatment and that can only be achieved through health education.

These different incidents have further confirmed to me that when Jesus talks about ensuring a full life, he expects of us to promote a holistic gospel that touches the individual. It is not helpful for our Christians to overcome sin but die of ‘simple diseases’ that require simple hygiene or even advanced diseases that can be addressed through available scientific methods.
To this end, collaboration between Parliamentarians, government officials, health professionals and Church leadership will be inevitable if we are to meet the eminent critical need of Ugandan’s, health service delivery, as revealed in the parliamentary household opinion poll.

Reference for the above article is Daily Monitor

The above article may have been altered so as to fit the page.

My opinion

It is evident that health education is a requirement in every area in life. This vital is because the most important aspect before any other area is your health. I think churches are a great platform fo health awareness as people are more inclined to follow church practices more than any other advice. This is thus a great initiative to put it in churches as well as in the work place as these are the places where people mostly spend their time at.


Exercise can lead to diabetes

Diabetics could be a results of less fat

Burning more fat, less glucose could lead to diabetes, mouse models indicate

Making muscles burn more fat and less glucose can increase exercise endurance, but could simultaneously cause diabetes, says a team of scientists from Baylor College of Medicine and other institutions.

Mouse muscles use glucose (carbohydrate) as fuel when the animals are awake and active and switch to fat (lipid) when they are asleep. The team discovered that disrupting this natural cycle may lead to diabetes but, surprisingly, also can enhance exercise endurance. The switch is controlled by a molecule called histone deacetylase 3, or HDAC3. This finding opens the possibility of selecting the right time to exercise for losing body fat but also raises the concern of using HDAC inhibitors as doping drugs for endurance exercise. The study appears in Nature Medicine.

“How the muscle uses glucose is regulated by its internal circadian clock that anticipates the level of its activity during the day and at night,” said senior author Dr. Zheng Sun, assistant professor of medicine — diabetes, endocrinology and metabolism, and of molecular and cellular biology at Baylor. “The circadian clock works by turning certain genes on and off as the 24-hour cycle progresses. HDAC3 is a key connection between the circadian clock and gene expression. Our previous work showed that HDAC3 helps the liver alternate between producing glucose and producing lipid. In this work, we studied how HDAC3 controls the use of different fuels in skeletal muscle.”

Skeletal muscles, the voluntary muscles, are important in the control of blood glucose in the body. They consume most of the glucose, and if they develop insulin resistance and consequently are not able to use glucose, then diabetes likely will develop. To study the role of HDAC3 in mouse skeletal muscle, Sun and colleagues genetically engineered laboratory mice to deplete HDAC3 only in the skeletal muscles. Then they compared these knocked out mice with normal mice regarding how their muscles burn fuel.

Unexpected results

When normal mice eat, their blood sugar increases and insulin is released, which stimulates muscles to take in and use glucose as fuel. “When the knocked out mice ate, their blood sugar increased and insulin was released just fine, but their muscles refused to take in and use glucose,” said Sun. “Lacking HDAC3 made the mice insulin resistant and more prone to develop diabetes.”

Yet, when the HDAC3-knocked out mice ran on a treadmill, they showed superior endurance, “which was intriguing because diabetes is usually associated with poor muscle performance,” said Sun. “Glucose is the main fuel of muscle, so if a condition limits the use of glucose, the expectation is low performance in endurance exercises. That’s the surprise.”

The researchers then studied what fueled the HDAC3-knocked out mice’s stellar performance using metabolomics approaches and found that their muscles break down more amino acids. This changed the muscles’ preference from glucose to lipids and allowed them to burn lipid very efficiently. This explains the high endurance, because the body carries a much larger energy reservoir in the form of lipid than carbohydrate.

The finding challenges the widely-used carbohydrate-loading (carbo-loading) strategy for improving endurance performance. “Carbo-loading didn’t make evolutionary sense before the invention of agriculture,” said Sun. “Switching muscles from using carbohydrates to lipids could increase exercise endurance, especially for low-intensity exercise.” The study suggests that HDAC inhibitors, a class of small molecule drugs currently being tested for treating several diseases, could potentially be used to manipulate such fuel switch in muscle and therefore raises concern of doping.

Link to the body’s internal clock

The team performed a number of functional genomics studies that established the link between HDAC3 and the circadian clock. “In normal mice, when the mouse is awake, the clock in the muscle anticipates a feeding cycle and uses HDAC3 to turn off many metabolic genes. This leads the muscles to use more carbohydrate,” said Sun. “When the animal is about to go to sleep and anticipates a fasting cycle, the clock removes HDAC3. This leads the muscles to use more lipid.”

Although these studies were done in mice, the researchers speculate that human muscles most likely will follow the same cycle. The study opens the possibility of promoting body fat burning by increasing exercise activity during the periods in which muscles use lipid, which is at night for people. “Losing body fat would be easier by exercising lightly and fasting at night,” said Sun. “It’s not a bad idea to take a walk after dinner.”

Height thought to affect your risk of diabetes

Healthy living can be affected by your height

Short stature predicts beta-cell function, type 2 diabetes, CVD risk in men

In Finnish men, greater adult height was associated with decreased 2-hour glucose levels and decreased risks for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, according to findings from a population-based study.

“Beta-cell dysfunction in shorter subjects could possibly result in higher glucose levels followed by several downstream pathologic effects leading to a greater risk of type 2 diabetes and [CVD],” Jagadish Vangipurapu, PhD, of the Institute of Clinical Medicine at the University of Eastern Finland, and colleagues wrote. “Future mechanistic studies investigating the pancreatic beta-cell function with respect to height might provide further insight into our understanding of complex diseases.”

In a prospective study, Vangipurapu and colleagues analyzed data from 8,746 Finnish men without diabetes at recruitment from the Metabolic Syndrome In Men (METSIM) study (mean age, 57.2 years; mean BMI, 26.8 kg/m²). Within the cohort, 6,298 men participated in the follow-up study (mean follow-up time, 4.6 years); 693 developed type 2 diabetes and 351 were diagnosed with a new CVD event.

Researchers found that baseline height measurement was inversely associated with 2-hour glucose levels measured via oral glucose tolerance test and risk for developing type 2 diabetes (HR = 0.83; 95% CI, 0.77-0.9) and CVD (HR = 0.74; 95% CI, 0.67-0.82) during follow-up. Results persisted after adjustment for other risk factors for type 2 diabetes and CVD. Researchers found no association between height and fasting glucose.

“Levels of 2-hour glucose across the quintiles of height decreased and were lower by 8.5% for the highest quintile compared to that for the lowest quintile,” the researchers wrote. “Insulin secretion index and disposition index increased significantly with increasing height.” – by Regina Schaffer

References for the above article is Healio

You merely need light exercise to help win Diabetics over

Healthy living starts with light exercises

Standing or ‘Easy’ Walks May Help Type 2 Diabetics Control Blood Sugar

Study counters notion that vigorous exercise is key to battling the illness

gardening, healthy living tips

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) — For people with type 2 diabetes, better blood sugar control may be as easy as getting up off the couch and standing every so often, or taking a leisurely walk, a new study shows.

Dutch researchers noted that “moderate to vigorous” exercise is often recommended for people with diabetes — but most patients don’t comply with that advice.

This small new study suggests that even sitting a bit less might be of real benefit.

One diabetes expert in the United States agreed with that advice.

“For years, I would suggest an exercise regimen to my patients that I knew was doomed to failure,” said Dr. Robert Courgi, an endocrinologist at Northwell Health’s Southside Hospital in Bay Shore, N.Y.

However, “by tweaking the message a bit, the odds of success increase significantly,” he said. “Ultimately, any activity helps lower glucose [blood sugar]. The message of ‘sitting less’ will have a higher success rate than exercise regimens of the past.”

Current physical activity guidelines call for a minimum of 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise a week to help prevent type 2 diabetes. But the study authors pointed out that nine out of 10 people fail to meet this guideline.

The new study was led by Bernard Duvivier of the department of human biology and movement science at Maastricht University Medical Center in the Netherlands. His team wanted to see if a program to reduce sitting time — by encouraging patients to simply stand and do light-intensity walking — could offer an alternative to a standard exercise regimen.

The study included 19 adults, average age 63, with type 2 diabetes who did three programs, each lasting four days. In the first program, the participants sat for 14 hours a day and did only one hour a day of walking and one hour a day of standing.

In the second program (the “sit less” program), the participants did a total of two hours a day of walking and three hours a day of standing by breaking up their sitting time every 30 minutes.

In the third program (exercise), the participants replaced an hour a day of sitting time with indoor cycling.

The sit less and exercise programs were designed to burn similar amounts of energy, the researchers said.

Significant improvements in blood sugar control occurred when the patients did the sit less program or the exercise program, but the improvements were generally stronger during the sit less phase, according to the study.

Courgi said the new trial has helped him “rethink the way I treat diabetes with exercise.”

He said that, although it would be nice to see the results replicated in a larger trial, the study findings remain “very interesting.”

The study was published Nov. 30 in the journal Diabetologia.

My opinion

We all know how hard it is to constantly start doing rigorous exercises (like going to the gym) in order to help fight away a certain sickness or just stay healthy. This is especially difficult for older people. What we must remember though is the fact that those rigorous exercises started out small as well but the habit is what made it easier for people to be able to do the rigorous one. One important aspect we should always bear in mind is the fact that when our bodies are moving , whether rigorously or light , this produces circulation. So whichever exercise you embark on it helps the blood flow and reach all essential organs. What we must understand about the power of light exercises is that they can be more powerful that the rigorous ones if they are done constantly throughout the day. This is vital to know because anyone is capable of doing such because we can all do light exercises throughout the day  (walking with a dog, gardening,cleaning around the house etc). This way of living ,each and everyday, will help fight against many illnesses not just Diabetes.

The information above may have been altered to fit this page

Reference for the articles is on healthdaily